Bi-pack

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, still photography
A. Gurtner (Eng. P. 7924/03; U.S.P. 730454), used a front element that was sensitive only to the blue, and a rear element that was sensitive up to but not including the red. He was the first person to suggest that the two films or plates be placed ...
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1 Image

Jumeaux/Davidson

Additive 3 color: Prism
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2 Images

Monopack stripping

Subtractive 3 color: Monopack, stripping, still photography
“To offset the possible effects of poor contact between the various members of the tripack, J. H. Smith coated the emulsions directly one on top of the other, but with an insulating layer of collodion between them. In this manner there was ...
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1 Image

Prism

Additive 3 color: Prism
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1 Image

Procédé Colombier

Subtractive 3 color: Tri-pack
“M. F. de Colombier appears to have been the first to suggest the application of this system to cinematography, and like so many French patents it is a little indefinite in phraseology. Three films were employed representing the same view and ...

Audibert

Additive 3 color: Prism
“R. Berthon and M. Audibert patented a method of obtaining a virtual image by means of an anterior lens and prisms or mirrors. This idea was further improved upon in E.P. 17,023, 1913. In F.P. 458,040 Audibert proposed to use a negative front lens ...
  • Mannoni_Audibert_film_lumière_trichrome_1911

2 Images

Colorgraph / Cinecolorgraph

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film
“The principle of the subtractive colour process was described first by Louis Ducos du Hauron in 1868. Although eminently suitable for colour motion pictures, the principle could not be applied until means were found of producing several colour ...
  • Colorgraph_HernandezMejia_Ryan_1977_fig31.jpg

1 Image

Brewster

Subtractive 2 color: Perforated mirror as beam-splitter, duplitized film
“Following the premises of one of William Friese-Greene’s systems, this two-colour subtractive process required that two reels of film be printed in parallel through a lens fitted with a prism that split light in two directions, through red ...

Kodachrome Two-color 1915, after 1930 renamed Fox Nature Color

Subtractive 2 color process: Beam-splitter, double-coated film
The Kodachrome process was invented in 1913 by John G. Capstaff for still photography and subsequently adapted to motion pictures. For the process two frames were advanced simultaneously, one located above the other. The light passed either through ...
  • Eggert (1932)

147 Images in 4 Galleries

Talkicolor

Additive 2 color: Alternately stained
“Talkicolor (1929-37) Two-colour additive process Talkicolor was developed by Percy James Pearce along with Dr Anthony Bernardi who was also involved in the development of Raycol. The process was funded mainly by the author Elinor ...
  • Knowing Men (1930)

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Polychromide

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, later bi-pack, mordant dye
“Polychromide, a two-color subtractive process invented in 1918 by Aron Hamburger, achieved limited commercial success overseas, and was occasionally employed in England as late as 1933. Originally an orthochromatic and a panchromatic negative were ...
  • Koshofer

57 Images in 1 Gallery

Cinekrome

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter

Prizma II

Subtractive 2 color: Toning on double coated film
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147 Images in 11 Galleries

Douglass Color No. 2

Subtractive 2 color: Separations, multi-layer prints
“Douglass Color No. 2 (1919). The two negatives of the Douglass Color system No. 1 were printed on a positive. In this updated version of the process, rather than projecting the frames through red and green filters, both latent images were ...

Zoechrome

Subtractive 3 color: Multi-layer printing
  • Mannoni_zoechrome_1930.jpg

16 Images in 1 Gallery

Technicolor No. II

Subtractive 2 color: 2 toned films cemented
The first subtractive 2 color process introduced by Technicolor captured the incoming light through a beam splitter with red and green filters also. However, in contrast to the first Technicolor process, the two b/w images were recorded on one ...
  • Margaret Herrick Library

102 Images in 5 Galleries

Colorcraft

Additive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated

Horst

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, 65 mm negative
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4 Images in 1 Gallery

Auto Natural Color / Bernardi

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

Technic-Colour

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, duplitized

Cinecolor additive 2 color / Cinecolour

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, substandard
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2 Images

Busch Process

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, red-green
  • cornwell_clyne_Busch.jpg

4 Images

Color Cinema Corporation

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
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2 Images

Multicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized
“In the Multicolor (two-color) subtractive process, two negative films are run simultaneously through any standard camera with their emulsion surfaces in contact. The front negative is orthochromatic, with the surface layer dyed orange-red to ...
  • Multicolor Reflection

59 Images in 5 Galleries

Splendicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film, bichromated gelatin, Pinatype

Raycol

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, sawn-off lens
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13 Images in 1 Gallery

Sirius

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated
“The Dutch Sirius Color process (1929) used a camera with a beamsplitting system behind the lens to expose a single film, the film passing through two gates at right angles to each other. The double-coated print film was dye-toned. The process ...
  • Photomicrograph

118 Images in 2 Galleries

Agfa bipack films

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack
AGFA BIPACK FILM The front film is orthochromatic and sensitive, therefore, to green and blue. The rear film is panchromatic and records red-orange only, there being a red-orange filter on the orthochromatic emulsion. In fact, this is a bipack of the ...
  • cornwell_clyne_Agfa_bypack.jpg

1 Image

Harriscolor

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, single-coated
“Harriscolor In this method as in other methods of color photography, independent color value negatives are first obtained. The Harriscolor process can employ one of the following two methods: Either a camera wherein the dividing light prisms ...
  • Technicolor Collection

3 Images

Audibert

Addtive 3 color: Beam-splitter, mosaic screen, 65 mm
  • Mannoni_Audibert_trichrome_63mm.jpg

3 Images