Prizma II

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Original Technical Papers and Primary Sources

Kelley, William Van Doren (1919): Adding Color to Motion. In: Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 8, April 1919, pp. 76–79. Download.

Secondary Sources

Alt, Dirk (2011): “Der Farbfilm marschiert!” Frühe Farbfilmverfahren und NS-Propaganda 1933-1945. München: Belleville, on pp. 41–42. (in German) View Quote

Brown, Simon (2012): Technical Appendix. In: Sarah Street: Colour Films in Britain. The Negotiation of Innovation 1900-55. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 259-287, on pp. 279-280. View Quote

Cherchi Usai, Paolo (2000): Silent Cinema. London: BFI, p. 36 . View Quote

Fenton, Alfred (1926): Retrospect in Color. Color Motion Photography from the Inception to Date. In: Motion Picture Director, (Hollywood Cal.) 3, Nov. 1926, pp. 19-21, 72, on pp. 19 ff. View Quote

Klein, Adrian Bernhard = Cornwell-Clyne (1940): Colour Cinematography. Boston: American Photographic Pub. Co., 2nd revised edition, p. 19. View Quote

Layton, James; Pierce, David (2015): The Dawn of Technicolor. Rochester: George Eastman House, on pp. 53–54 View Quote, on p. 59 View Quote, on p. 62 View Quote, on pp. 85–87. View Quote

Li, Bin (2013): On the Prizma Colour System. (Master Thesis) Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam. Download.

Nowotny, Robert A. (1983): The Way of All Flesh Tones. A History of Color Motion Picture Processes, 1895-1929. New York: Garland Pub., pp. 167-185. View Quote

Ryan, Roderick T. (1977): A History of Motion Picture Color Technology. London: Focal Press, pp. 91-94. View Quote

Talbot, Frederick A. (1923): Moving Pictures. Philadelphia: Lippincott 1923, pp. 354 ff. View Quote


Absorbances measured with a multispectral imaging system from film areas with pure dyes. Credit: Giorgio Trumpy, ERC Advanced Grant FilmColors.

See the specific sample from which the spectra were measured.


Read, Paul; Meyer, Mark-Paul (2000): Notes on Restoring Subtractive Two-Colour Process Prints. In: Paul Read and Mark-Paul Meyer: Restoration of Motion Picture Film, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, pp. 310-313. View Quote

Read, Paul (2009): Synthetic Dyes and Their Origins. In: Film History, 21.1, pp. 9-46, on pp. 16-19. View Quote

Contemporary Reception

Anonymous (1922): The First Photoplay in Colors. In: Photoplay, 22,1, 1922, p. 72. View Quote

Ramsaye, Terry (1922): Color and the Photoplay. In: Photoplay, 22,4, p. 78 and pp. 110-111. View Quote

Ramsaye, Terry (1923): The Romantic History of the Motion Picture. Chapter XX: The Great Story of Color on the Screen. In: Photoplay, 24,6, pp. 130-131. View Quote

Selected Analyses

The Glorious Adventure (GB 1922, J. Stuart Blackton):
Brown, Simon; Street, Sarah; Watkins, Liz (2013): Colour Adventures with Prizma and Claude Friese-Greene in the 1920s. In: British Colour Cinema. Practices and Theories. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 22-36, on pp. 22-32. View Quote