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Multicolor

Description

“In the Multicolor (two-color) subtractive process, two negative films are run simultaneously through any standard camera with their emulsion surfaces in contact. The front negative is orthochromatic, with the surface layer dyed orange-red to act as a filter for the image recorded on the rear panchromatic film. Double coated yellow dyed positive film is used for printing the pair of images in register on opposite sides of the film. The images are colored by a combined dye toning and chemical toning method and are varnished before projection to protect them from scratching.”

(Matthews, G.E. (1931): Principles and processes of photography in natural colors. In: The American Annals of Photography, 1930, pp. 222-235. Repr. in: Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers 16, 1931, pp. 188-219.)

  • Multicolor Reflection
  • Photomicrograph
  • Photomicrograph
  • Photomicrograph
  • Eggert (1932)
  • Movietone Follies of 1929 (1929)
  • Coe (1981)
  • Cornwell_Clyne_CP1951_Multicolorfig188.jpg
  • Cornwell_Clyne_CP1951_Multicolorfig189.jpg
  • Steinbacher (2013)
  • Eggert (1932)
  • Koshofer
  • Koshofer
  • Eggert (1932)
  • Eggert (1932)

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Original Technical Papers and Primary Sources

Otis, Russell M. (1931): The Multicolor Process. In: Journal of the Society of the Motion Picture Engineers, 17, 1931, pp. 5-10. View Quote

Secondary Sources

Alt, Dirk (2011): “Der Farbfilm marschiert!” Frühe Farbfilmverfahren und NS-Propaganda 1933-1945. München: Belleville, on pp. 43–44 View Quote, on p. 48 View Quote and on p. 75. (in German) View Quote

Cornwell-Clyne, Adrian (= Adrian Klein) (1951): Colour Cinematography. London: Chapman & Hall, pp. 338-339. View Quote

D’haeyere, Hilde (2013): Technicolor – Multicolor – Sennett-Color. Natural Color Processes in Mack Sennett Comedies 1926-1931. In: Brown, Simon; Street, Sarah; Watkins, Liz): Color and the Moving Image. History, Theory, Aesthetics, Archive. New York, London: Routledge, pp. 23-36, on pp. 29–31. View Quote

Eggert, John; Heymer, Gerd (1937): Der Stand der Farbenphotographie. In: Veröffentlichungen des wissenschaftlichen Zentral-Laboratoriums der photographischen Abteilung Agfa, pp. 7–28, on pp. 20–21. (in German) View Quote

Layton, James; Pierce, David (2015): The Dawn of Technicolor. Rochester: George Eastman House, on pp. 228–229. View Quote

Matthews, G.E. (1931): Principles and Processes of Photography in Natural Colors. In: The American Annals of Photography, 1930, pp. 222-235. Repr. in: Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 16, 1931, pp. 188-219. View Quote

Nowotny, Robert A. (1983): The Way of All Flesh Tones. A History of Color Motion Picture Processes, 1895-1929. New York: Garland Pub., pp. 192-195. View Quote

Ryan, Roderick T. (1977): A History of Motion Picture Color Technology. London: Focal Press, pp 100-102. View Quote

Society of Motion Picture Engineers (1930): Report of Color Committee. In: Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 15, Nov. 1930, pp. 721-724, on p. 721. View Quote

Society of Motion Picture Engineers (1930): Report. Progress in the Motion Picture Industry. In: Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 15, December 1930, pp. 791–793, on p. 792. View Quote

Society of Motion Picture Engineers (1931): Progress Report. Color Cinematography. In: Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, 17, July 1931, pp. 99–101, on p. 100. View Quote

Measurements

Absorbances measured with a multispectral imaging system from film areas with pure dyes. Credit: Giorgio Trumpy, ERC Advanced Grant FilmColors.

See the specific sample from which the spectra were measured.

 

Contemporary Reception

Anonymous (1932): Tonfilm in Farben. Fortschritte der Filmtechnik. In: Mein Film, 355, p. 8. (in German) View Quote