Additive 3 color: Line screen plate, still photography
“The most successful of all the screen processes was the one initiated by Louis Dufay. Today the product is known as Dufaycolor, but it was first introduced about 1910 as the Dioptichrome plate. The first Dufay patents were assigned to an ...


Subtractive 2 color: Line screen filter, duplitized film stock
”The process as illustrated in USP 1431309 was a two-color additive process, but it is stated that it could be a three- or four-color process. For the original photography, the negative was exposed through a line screen composed of alternate bands ...
  • Ryan_Kesdacolor_fig11

1 Image


Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, later bi-pack, mordant dye
“Polychromide, a two-color subtractive process invented in 1918 by Aron Hamburger, achieved limited commercial success overseas, and was occasionally employed in England as late as 1933. Originally an orthochromatic and a panchromatic negative were ...
  • Koshofer

57 Images in 1 Gallery

Gilmore Color

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter
“Gilmore’s two-color additive process was based on a patent granted to F. E. Ives in 1918. A unique optical system exposed two images in pairs, and quarter-turned them lengthwise side by side on standard 35 mm film stock. One of the images was ...
  • GilmoreIves

1 Image

Prizma II

Subtractive 2 color: Toning on double coated film
  • Prizma_burroughs_02_GEH

195 Images in 12 Galleries

Douglass Color No. 2

Subtractive 2 color: Separations, multi-layer prints
“Douglass Color No. 2 (1919). The two negatives of the Douglass Color system No. 1 were printed on a positive. In this updated version of the process, rather than projecting the frames through red and green filters, both latent images were ...


Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter


Subtractive 3 color: Multi-layer printing
  • Mannoni_zoechrome_1930.jpg

16 Images in 1 Gallery


Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen
  • Mannoni_keller_dorian_avec _lecteur_filtre

12 Images in 1 Gallery

Technicolor No. II

Subtractive 2 color: 2 toned films cemented
The first subtractive 2 color process introduced by Technicolor captured the incoming light through a beam splitter with red and green filters also. However, in contrast to the first Technicolor process, the two b/w images were recorded on one ...
  • Margaret Herrick Library

102 Images in 5 Galleries

Traube / Uvachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Mordanting, dye transfer, wash-off relief, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...
  • Pénichon (2013)

3 Images


Additive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated


Subtractive 2 color: Dye transfer
“In 1919 Kelley produced a series of coloured cartoons which were drawn by Pinto Colvig. In 1924 he introduced “Kelleycolor,” which was an imbibition process. Two colours were imbibed on a black-and-white key image. In 1926 he ...
  • GEH_OldFamilyToothbrush_2.jpg

1 Image


Additive 3 color: Double-sized film, rotary filter


Additive 3 color: Moving lenses
“The process of J. Szczepanik in 1925 was impracticable. He used a non-intermittent camera having a chain of eighteen lenses moving together with the film behind a collimating lens, three pictures being simultaneously exposed.” (Klein, ...


Additive 3 color: Line screen
“The Warner-Powrie process patented in 1905 was the earliest commercial process using a screen made with bichromated colloid. A glass plate was thinly coated with bichromated gelatin or fish glue and exposed to light through a screen having ...


Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, 65 mm negative
  • CoeMovie_Horst_121.jpg

4 Images in 1 Gallery


Additive 3 color: Line screen (réseau), 35 mm reversal
For a description of Spicer-Dufay see detail page on Dufaycolor)
  • Eggert (1932)

12 Images in 1 Gallery

Auto Natural Color / Bernardi

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard


Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, duplitized

Gevaert Positif Color

Applied colors: Pretinted film

Cinecolor additive 2 color / Cinecolour

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, substandard
  • cornwell_clyne_cinecolor.jpg

2 Images

Busch Process

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, red-green
  • cornwell_clyne_Busch.jpg

4 Images

Hérault Trichrome

Additive 3 color: Alternately stained in red, green and blue
“The Hérault Trichrome process was demonstrated in Paris on 1 October 1926, with three films made by A. Rodde — a fashion show, a documentary on Brittany and a tableau of the Legend of the King of Ys. Hérault Trichrome was an extension of ...
  • Herault Trichrome

7 Images

Cox Multicolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter

Color Cinema Corporation

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
  • Willeman_TheTrousseau_1928_ColorCinemaCorp.jpg

2 Images

Technicolor No. III

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, dye transfer
The third Technicolor process used the same camera as process no. II to combine a pair of frames of the red and green record respectively on the b/w negative (see image). In contrast to the former process, however, the two images were printed on one ...
  • Margaret Herrick Library

384 Images in 20 Galleries

Lignose Naturfarbenfilm

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen
  • Pénichon (2013)

3 Images

Tinted film base / Kodak Sonochrome

Applied colors: Tinted film for sound films
Kodak Sonochrome was a specially prepared tinted film for sound film that did not interfere with the spectral sensitivity of the photo-electric cell for the reading of the optical sound track. The 17 Sonochrome tints were dyed in mainly light hues ...
  • Sonochrome Sound Test

23 Images in 1 Gallery

Mroz Farbenfilm

Additive 2 color: Alternately stained images, 16 mm