Photocolor

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

42 Images

Sennett Color

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double coated, toned
“Public showings of the work done at this plant in Hollywood have been given to Los Angeles audiences. The release prints are made on double sided film. Both sides are developed at one time and then toned red on one side and bluegreen on the ...

18 Images in 1 Gallery

Kislyn color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

1 Image

Vitacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Single coated

DuPont Vitacolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter, 16mm

Brewster

Subtractive 2 or 3 color: Perforated mirror as beam-splitter, duplitized film
“The Brewster Process. (U.S.P. 1,752,477. 1930-) Camera. – P. D. Brewster, an American inventor, who was one of the first to apply the bipack system to colour cinematography, has a number of patents to his credit covering various cameras and ...

52 Images in 1 Gallery

Gualtierotti or Cicona e Gualtierotti

Additive two-color: optical system, filters, 64mm negative.
Unlike other additive systems invented in previous years, Gualtierotti tried to avoid the phenomenon of chromatic aberration inherent in the use of multiple lenses or the creation of successive separation records. The proposed solution was based on ...

1 Image

Allfarbenfilm

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

Magnacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
“An American two-colour subtractive process still worked by the Consolidated Film Industries division of Republic Pictures Corporation. This concern was licensed by the owners of the “Prizma” patents, which it will be remembered was ...

23 Images in 2 Galleries

Rotocolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter
“The Rotocolor process was an additive system for color cinematography. The process was announced in 1931 by H. Muller. According to an article in Film Daily, April 12, 1931, and The Motion Picture Herald, April 11, 1931, the process consisted of ...

Russian two-color system

Subtractive two color

1 Image

Coloratura

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, dupitized positive, toned
“Coloratura. This is the process of Pathé Exchange at Bound Brook, N. J. Negatives are made by the bi-pack method. Prints are made on double-sided film and are dye-toned on one side and metallic-toned on the other. The double-sided film, ...

Magnachrome

Additive 2 color: Bi-pack, half-size

Rota Farbenfilm

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning

Ufacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning

48 Images in 1 Gallery

Chimicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film, mordant toning

2 Images

Cinecolor subtractive 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized film

75 Images in 8 Galleries

Roncarolo

Subtractive 2, 3 or 4 color: Beam-splitter and bi-pack, later dye-transfer
The Roncarolo system required a camera capable of recording two panchromatic negatives (which became three or four in subsequent patents) through the use of a beam splitter and red and green filters. The chromatic information registered on the two or ...

Rouxcolor 2 color / Cineoptichrome

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter

2 Images

Chemicolor / Ufacolor in GB

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning
“Chemicoior was the name under which the German Ufacolor Process was marketed in Britain. Ufacolor was also marketed under the name Spectracolor. The process used Agfa bipack negatives loaded with the emulsion sides facing and separated by a ...

9 Images in 2 Galleries

Technicolor No. IV: Three-strip

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation, beam-splitter, dye transfer
With the fourth Technicolor process the company dominated the market for color films from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. In a special camera, three b/w negative films were exposed through a beam-splitter that consisted of two prisms to form a cube. One ...

1854 Images in 63 Galleries

Spectracolor (= British version of Ufacolor)

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning

Agfacolor lenticular / Agfacolor Linsenrasterfilm

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen
The basic idea of the lenticular film was developed by the German Raphaël Liesegang in 1896 and applied to still photography by the French Rodolphe Berthon in 1908. The lenticular process applies tiny cylindrical lenses embossed on the film support ...

15 Images

Dufaycolor

Additive 3 color: Line screen (réseau), 35 mm and 16 mm, reversal and negative-positive stock
Dufaycolor was a regular mosaic screen process whereby the incident light was filtered through a pattern of tiny color patches in red, green and blue, the so called réseau. When viewed from an appropriate distance, the pattern fused in the eye of ...

175 Images in 6 Galleries

Hillman Process

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter, mirror system with two lenses

3 Images

Morgana Process

Additive 2 color: Alternating filters, 16 mm

1 Image

Vericolor

Subtractive 2 color: unknown

40 Images

Gasparcolor OR Gaspar Color

Subtractive 3 color: Silver dye-bleach multilayer print film
Gasparcolor was the first multi-layer monopack film available for practical use. It was a double-coated print film with a cyan layer on one side and two layers dyed magenta and yellow on the other side (see image). As a consequence of this ...

309 Images in 21 Galleries

Bocca-Rudatis

Additive 3 color: lenticular screen
The procedure for obtaining the lenticular elements in relief required a series of steps: starting from three black and white positive color separations, obtained with any of the available methods, three matrices were printed, from which the film to ...

1 Image

Thomascolor

Additive 3 color: 4 images on 65 mm

2 Images

Sistema Cristiani-Mascarini

Additive four-color: beam splitter and filters, four images on 35mm black and white film.
For this four-color process, the light beam was decomposed into four parts, each of which simultaneously exposed an area equal to one quarter of the 35mm frame of a black and white negative. This was obtained optically by placing a diaphragm and a ...

2 Images

Cinemacolor

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, sub-standard vertical

2 Images

Kodachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
“In the early 1920s two young Harvard graduates were experimenting with the preparation of colour plates. Both were accomplished professional musicians: Leopold Mannes, a pianist, and Leo Godowsky, Jr., a violinist. One of their early ...

42 Images in 2 Galleries

Cosmocolor

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

2 Images

Dascolour

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated print

1 Image

Francita-Reality / Francita / Opticolor / Realita

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter and rotary fllter, substandard

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Harmonicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
“Harmonicoior was developed by French chemist Maurice Combes. It was first formally demonstrated in London by Harmonicoior Films Ltd, of 4 Great Winchester Street, on the 23 March 1936 at the Curzon Soho with the film Talking Hands, produced at ...

Crosene Process

Additive 4 color: Bi-pack, substandard

Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal (from 1936), negative/positive process (from 1939)
“The New Agfacolor Process; Agfa Ansco Corp., Binghamton, N. Y. A survey of the history of monopack or multilayer photographic color processes is given, including the coloring methods of greatest importance at the present time. These are: (a) ...

417 Images in 14 Galleries

Hirlicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack

2 Images

Russian three-color process

Subtractive three color

6 Images

Berthon-Siemens / Siemens-Berthon / Siemens-Perutz-Verfahren / Opticolor

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

5 Images

Telco Color, additive 2 color

Additive 2 color: Split optics, side by side

Dunning Color

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film Type 5262

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Although Kodachrome 16mm reversal film was introduced as an amateur film format, rapidly after its introduction it became a format frequently used by (semi-)professional film makers. The reason was that Kodachrome was a relatively easy to use film ...

Pantachrom

Subtractive 3 color: Bi-pack and lenticular film recording, duplitized film with toning and silver dye-bleach
“In October, Eggert of the Agfa Research Department, read a paper at the Berlin meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für photographische Forschung, on the Pantochrom subtractive lenticular bipack tricolor process. (Fig. 1.) The green and blue ...

15 Images

Telco color subtractive 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Split optics, side by side, duplitized film

1 Image

Dufaycolor reversal

Additive 3 color: Line screen (réseau), 16 mm, reversal
(see detail page on Dufaycolor)

Iriscolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter camera, imbibition printing
Similar to Technicolor, the Iriscolor process needed a special beam-splitter camera for exposing three black-and-white negatives on Kodak film stock. These negatives were used for imbibition printing. Between 1940 and 1942, Tobis Tonbild-Syndikat AG ...

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film 5265

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Duplicating stock for reversal film. Replaced Kodachrome duplicating stock type 5262. Contrary to its predecessor the new stock was not suited as camera material. Type 5265 could only be used for duplication.